Neurosciences
The Centre for Neurosciences at Meitra follows a holistic approach in handling all levels of difficulties related to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system and muscles. We emphasize exceptional and vigilant care to solve simple to complex problems. The centre has already introduced some of the novel facilities for the first time in the region. A team of expert neurologists and neurosurgeons is all set to elevate innumerable lives to the happiness of living a life. Considering incurable conditions, our care unit is designed with a concept of treating everyone equally and respectfully. Those who come here never return home as patients, but as those who embrace life at its fullest.

Brain Tumours

Brain tumour is the abnormal and rapid growth of cells that forms a mass in the brain. Some tumours are harmless or less harmful. They are known as benign tumours and are non cancerous. Some are harmful and cancerous, which is known as malignant tumours. Tumours that begin in the brain are called primary brain tumours. Tumours that begin in other parts of the body and spread to the brain are called secondary or metastatic brain tumours. There are numerous types of brain tumours depending on the type and location of the tumour in the brain.

Causes
  • Genetic mutation (changes in DNA)
  • Family history
  • Long term smoking
  • Exposure to harmful chemicals
Symptoms
  • Headache (new onset)
  • Frequent headaches
  • Depriving or gradual loss of senses
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing problems
  • Speech problems
  • Nausea
  • Balancing issues
  • Behaviour changes
  • Seizures (new onset)
Diagnosis

When a brain tumour is suspected numerous diagnostic tests may be performed. Some of them are:

  • Physical examination
  • Neurological examination
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and other imaging procedures
  • Biopsy
Prevention

There is no definite preventive measure for brain tumours. The risks of getting affected by brain tumour can be reduced by the following measures:

  • Avoid exposure to harmful chemicals
  • Avoid smoking 
  • Avoid unnecessary exposure to harmful radiation
Treatment

Treatment of brain tumours mainly depends on the type, size and location of the same. The person’s overall health condition is also taken into consideration. Treatment methods are:

  • Chemotherapy which uses drugs or medicines to destroy cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy which uses high energy beams to destroy cancer cells
  • Surgery can be done to remove the excess mass formed partially or completely. It depends on the type, size and location of the tumour
  • Scarless brain surgery, an advanced, minimally invasive surgical method used in the treatment of advanced brain diseases
  • Radiosurgery, it is not a form of surgery. It uses beams of radiation to remove tumours in very small areas
  • Rehabilitative measures such as physiotherapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, mental support from family, social support is also necessary after the treatment for the patient to recover

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