Pulmonology
Department of Pulmonology at the Meitra Hospital is a highly advanced and specialised unit providing state of the art diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive services for respiratory diseases. The Outpatient division offers expert care for allergy, asthma, COPD, ILD and other common respiratory illness with fully fledged pulmonary function lab, rehabilitation unit and allergy testing. Inpatient Department is fully equipped to treat complicated and advanced respiratory disease. Pulmonology department is having most advanced interventional pulmonology unit with all modern diagnostic and therapeutic equipments including EBUS. Sleep Medicine Department is equipped with advanced sleep lab to diagnose sleep disorders mainly obstructive sleep apnea.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is the infection of bronchi of the lungs. Bronchi (singular: bronchus) are passages of the airway to and from the lungs. The infection causes swelling and inflammation of lining of the bronchial tubes.

Causes

Causes of bronchitis includes:

  • Virus
  • Bacteria
  • Smoking
  • Air pollution
  • Dust 
  • Weak immune system
  • Exposure to other irritants
Symptoms

Common symptoms of bronchitis includes:

  • Cough with phlegm
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest discomfort
  • Low fever
  • Chills
  • Body aches
  • Headaches
  • Blocked nose
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of bronchitis includes:

  • Review of signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Chest X-ray
  • Sputum test
  • Pulmonary function test
Prevention

Preventive measures for bronchitis includes:

  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid irritants such as smoke and dust
  • Get vaccinated
  • Wash your hands properly and regularly
  • Wear a mask in polluted environments
Treatment

Treatment for bronchitis includes:

  • Medications such as antivirals, cough medicines, bronchodilators, anti inflammatory and steroid drugs and other medications to reduce inflammation and open narrowed passages in your lungs
  • Oxygen therapy is required in severe cases where a person may need supplemental oxygen to ease breathing
  • Home remedies include use of humidifiers, avoiding lung irritants, exercises to strengthen chest muscles

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