Gastro Sciences
Even a mild disorder in the digestive system can bring difficulties, and the disorder can be highly complicated as well. The Centre for Gastro Sciences at Meitra is on a mission to help people overcome digestive, liver and pancreato-biliary tracts with its holistic approach and super specialized facilities. Our specialities in Gastro Sciences are mainly categorized into three sections: Gastroenterology, Gastro Intestinal Surgery, Interventional Gastro Radiology. A team led by a team of expert specialists backed by cutting edge technologies, the centre has been making an immense impact on a large number of lives. The spectrum of the centre’s treatment widely covers simple to complex processes.

Chronic Constipation

Chronic constipation is the difficult passage of stools or fecal matter that can last for several weeks or even longer. It occurs when bowel movements become less frequent often due to changes in diet and inadequate intake of fiber rich foods. Generally, having less than three bowel movements a week is considered as constipation.


There are numerous causes for constipation. Often the exact cause is difficult to find out. Some of them are:

  • Lifestyle 
    • Stress
    • Intake of low-fiber diet
    • Not drinking adequate amount of water
    • Changes in routine such as travelling
    • Controlling bowel movements
  • Medical conditions
    • Diabetes
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Hyperparathyroidism
    • Structural defects in digestive system
    • Pregnancy
    • Neurological disorders such as stroke
    • Inability to relax pelvic muscles
    • Weakened pelvic muscles
    • Multiple sclerosis
  • Blockages in the colon or rectum
    • Colon cancer
    • Rectal cancer
    • Abdominal cancers
    • Block in intestines
    • Colon narrowing
    • Tears in the skin around anus
  • Certain medications
    • Pain relievers
    • Anti inflammatory drugs
    • Antidepressants
    • Antacids containing calcium
    • Allergy medicines
    • Psychiatry medicines
    • Anti seizure medications

Symptoms of chronic constipation include:

  • Dry and hard stools
  • Passing less than three stools a week
  • Difficulty and pain while passing stool
  • Stomach pain
  • Bloating
  • Feeling that fecal matter is not completely emptied
  • Straining and applying pressure to have bowel movements.

There are many procedures to diagnose chronic constipation and the underlying cause:

  • Medical history
  • Review of bowel movements
  • Review of lifestyle habits
  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • X-ray
  • Computerised tomography – CT
  • Magnetic resonance imaging – MRI
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal transit studies
  • Defecography

There are many other bowel function tests used to diagnose and find the cause of constipation.


Chronic constipation can be prevented and further progression can be reduced by the following measures:

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Exercise regularly
  • Don’t wait to pass stool once you feel the urge
  • Eat a balanced diet including high fiber foods.

Most of the less severe cases of constipation can be treated with self care measures. Others require medications and very severe cases might require a surgery.

  • Self-care measures
    • Intake of high fiber diet
    • Drink plenty of water
    • Rule out foods that cause constipation and avoid it
    • Regular exercise
    • Don’t ignore the urge to pass fecal matter
  • Medications may be recommended by your doctor to draw water into the intestines and to ease the move of feces through the colon.
  • Surgery is rarely used. It is used when other measures fail or if there is a structural problem or presence of cancer tissues.

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