General Medicine
The Department of General Medicine at Meitra Hospital aims to provide the highest standards of Medical excellence in comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and curative medical services for all patients. We aim to provide quality primary and specialty care to adults. The department effectively delivers the most updated evidence based diagnostic and therapeutic care for all patients. Our doctors are specially trained to manage seriously ill patients suffering from advanced illness and/ or diseases of more than one system.

Common cold

Common cold is a harmless viral infection of the upper respiratory system which includes your nose and throat. Even though people of any age group can get affected by common cold, children below 6 years of age are more prone to the condition.

Causes
  • Common cold is caused by viral infection
  • Many types of viruses can cause the condition
  • Rhinovirus is the most common virus
  • Virus enters the body through eyes, nose or mouth
  • It can spread through direct contact
  • It can also spread through droplets in air when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks
  • Rhinovirus can also spread by sharing common household things with an infected person.
Symptoms

Symptoms of common cold include:

  • Blocked, runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Mild headache
  • Muscle ache
  • Sneezing
  • Coughs
  • Low grade fever 
  • Loss of taste and smell
  • Generally feeling unwell
  • Slight body aches
  • Pressure in ears
Diagnosis

Common cold can be diagnosed with their signs and symptoms. Other tests like blood tests or chest X-rays may be recommended by your doctor if any other coexisting conditions are suspected.

Prevention

Precautions to slow down and avoid spreading of common cold include:

  • Wash hands
  • Use tissues while coughing or sneezing
  • Discard used tissues as quick as possible
  • Stay fit and healthy
  • Don’t share towels or household items with an infected person
  • Avoid contact with an infected person
  • Disinfect your stuff such as clothes, bedroom, kitchen, surroundings etc.
Treatment

Treatment for common cold is done to relieve signs and symptoms. They include:

  • Pain relievers
  • Cough syrup
  • Decongestant nasal sprays or tablets

Home remedies include:

  • Rest and sleep
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration
  • Gargle salt water to soothe throat
  • Keep your room warm.

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