Dental erosion refers to loss of teeth enamel. Enamel is the protective outer layer of the tooth that protects it against physical and chemical damage. It is the hardest tissue in the human body and the first defence for your teeth against many chemicals.
Causes of dental erosion include:
- Intake of sugary, starchy or acidic foods and sodas
- Teeth grinding
- Regular use of certain medications
- Low salivary flow
- Certain conditions such as diabetes
- Acid reflux disease
- Not maintaining proper dental hygiene
Symptoms of dental erosion include:
- Teeth discolouration
- Sensitive teeth
- Increased tooth decay
- Fractured teeth
- Increased sensitivity to taste, temperature and textures
- Cracks and chips
Dental erosion can be diagnosed through a dental examination and review of signs and symptoms.
Prevention of dental erosion includes good oral hygiene measures such as:
- Brush at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
- Use dental floss.
- Avoid or limit consumption of sugar and starch.
- Eat healthy food.
- Replace your toothbrush every three or four months.
- Have regular dental checkups.
Treatment measures for dental erosion include:
- Good oral hygiene measures.
- Tooth bonding: a procedure in which a tooth-coloured composite resin is applied to stained or damaged teeth.
- Use of dental crowns or veneers may be recommended to prevent further decay.
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