Gynaecology
The Department of Gynaecology at Meitra Hospital is adept at diagnosing and treating all kinds of gynaecological disorders. Women at different stages of life and age groups experience different kinds of health problems that may be simple or complex and may turn harmful unless attended immediately. Such health concerns are appropriately addressed by our experts who ensure that each patient gets the best personalized care. At our department, we provide all advanced gynaecological procedures including minimally invasive surgeries. These surgeries help the patients recover early and require reduced hospital stay in comparison to conventional open surgeries.

Facilities and services:

• Laparoscopic surgeries
• Discectomy
• Laparoscopic myomectomy
• Laparoscopic surgeries to treat Infertility
• Hysterectomy Surgery

Dysmenorrhoea

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for pain associated with menstruation. Dysmenorrhoea or menstrual cramps can occur just before or during menstrual periods. During the cycle, the uterus contracts to shed its lining which is triggered by hormone-like substances called prostaglandins that cause pain or menstrual cramps. The severity of menstrual cramps vary widely and  can interfere with day-to-day  activities.

 Dysmenorrhoea can be of two types:

  • Primary which is the most common type caused due to severe uterine contractions during menstrual cycles.
  • Secondary type of dysmenorrhoea begins in later stages mostly due to other underlying causes such as fibroids. The pain in secondary dysmenorrhoea is more severe. 
Causes

Dysmenorrhoea can be caused by:

  • Excess production of prostaglandin
  • Ischemia
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Cervical stenosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Adenomyosis
  • Use of contraceptive devices 
  • Cancers or tumours in the uterus
Symptoms

Symptoms of dysmenorrhoea may include:

  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Severe bleeding during menstrual cycle
  • Pain that may radiate to lower back and thighs
  • Pain that peaks 24 hours after the onset of your periods
  • Nausea and fatigue
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
Diagnosis

Diagnosing the cause of Dysmenorrhea, if any associated disorder is suspected, involves:

  • Medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Pelvic exam
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • X-ray
  • Laparoscopy
  • Hysteroscopy
Prevention

Dysmenorrhoea can be prevented to an extent by the following measures:

  • Regular physical exercise
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid spicy and oily foods
  • Avoid intake of alcohol, caffeines, tea
  • Avoid smoking.
Treatment
  • Dysmenorrhoea can be prevented to an extent by the following measures:
    • Regular physical exercise
    • Maintain healthy weight
    • Reduce stress
    • Avoid spicy and oily foods
    • Avoid intake of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages
    • Avoid smoking.

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