Gastro Sciences
Even a mild disorder in the digestive system can bring difficulties, and the disorder can be highly complicated as well. The Centre for Gastro Sciences at Meitra is on a mission to help people overcome digestive, liver and pancreato-biliary tracts with its holistic approach and super specialized facilities. Our specialities in Gastro Sciences are mainly categorized into three sections: Gastroenterology, Gastro Intestinal Surgery, Interventional Gastro Radiology. A team led by a team of expert specialists backed by cutting edge technologies, the centre has been making an immense impact on a large number of lives. The spectrum of the centre’s treatment widely covers simple to complex processes.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis can be acute (short term infection) or chronic (long term infection). There are different types of hepatitis:

  • Viral hepatitis – caused by viruses
  • Alcoholic hepatitis – caused by alcohol intake
  • Toxic hepatitis – caused by exposure to chemicals
  • Autoimmune hepatitis – caused when the body’s immune system attacks the liver
Causes

Different types of hepatitis have different causes including:

  • Viral infection
  • Alcohol intake
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Autoimmune disorder
  • Genetic factors
  • Environmental factors
Symptoms

Symptoms of hepatitis include:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark urine
  • Jaundice: yellow skin and eyes
  • Pale stool
  • Joint pain

Some people affected with hepatitis may not exhibit any symptoms.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of hepatitis is based on:

  • Signs and symptoms
  • Family history
  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Liver function tests
  • Imaging procedures including:
    • Computerised tomography – CT scan
    • Magnetic resonance imaging -MRI
    • Ultrasound
  • Liver biopsy
Prevention

Some of the preventive measures for hepatitis includes:

  • Routine vaccination
  • Regular handwashing
  • Avoid contact with infected person
  • Maintain good personal hygiene
  • Drink boiled water
Treatment

There are no specific treatments for hepatitis. The liver may heal with time. Treatment focuses on relieving the signs and symptoms.

  • Stop or avoid alcohol as it causes further damage.
  • Taking enough rest can relieve tiredness and sickness.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to treat dehydration.
  • Severe cases can be treated with antiviral drugs.
  • Liver transplantation may be necessary if the liver is severely damaged.

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