Neurosciences
The Centre for Neurosciences at Meitra follows a holistic approach in handling all levels of difficulties related to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system and muscles. We emphasize exceptional and vigilant care to solve simple to complex problems. The centre has already introduced some of the novel facilities for the first time in the region. A team of expert neurologists and neurosurgeons is all set to elevate innumerable lives to the happiness of living a life. Considering incurable conditions, our care unit is designed with a concept of treating everyone equally and respectfully. Those who come here never return home as patients, but as those who embrace life at its fullest.

Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles (deep cavities) of the brain. The excess fluid exerts pressure on the brain cells and tissues and can cause abnormalities in brain functioning. Hydrocephalus can be congenital (present at birth) or acquired (caused by injury or disease after birth).

Causes

The symptoms of hydrocephalus vary slightly with age of onset

Infants and Children

  • An unusually large head
  • Bulging fontanelle (soft spot on the head)
  • Prominent scalp veins
  • Downward fixed eyes
  • Muscle stiffness in lower limbs
  • Vomiting
  • Sleeplessness
  • Irritability
  • Poor feeding
  • Seizures
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Headache
  • Poor coordination and balance
  • Decline in academic performance 

Young and middle-aged adults

  • Losing vision or impaired vision
  • Lethargy
  • Headache
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Memory loss
  • Gait disturbances

Older Adults

  • Loss of bladder control
  • Poor coordination and balance
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty in reasoning skills
  • Gait disturbances
Symptoms

The symptoms of hydrocephalus varies slightly with age of onset

Infants and Children

  • An unusually large head
  • Bulging fontanelle (soft spot on the head)
  • Prominent scalp veins
  • Downward fixed eyes
  • Muscle stiffness in lower limbs
  • Vomiting
  • Sleeplessness
  • Irritability
  • Poor feeding
  • Seizures
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Headache
  • Poor coordination and balance
  • Decline in academic performance 

 

Young and middle-aged adults

  • Losing vision or impaired vision
  • Lethargy
  • Headache
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Memory loss
  • Gait disturbances

 

Older Adults

  • Loss of bladder control
  • Poor coordination and balance
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty in reasoning skills
  • Gait disturbances
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of hydrocephalus is based on: 

  • Medical history
  • Signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Neurological examination 
  • Brain imaging tests
    • Ultrasound Imaging
    • MRI-Magnetic resonance imaging
    • CT Scan- Computerised Tomography
Prevention

Although hydrocephalus cannot be prevented, careful measures can be taken to reduce the risk which includes

  • Timely vaccinations to prevent infections
  • Take care to avoid injuries 
  • Regular follow up or checkup 
  • Regular examination for infections during pregnancy
Treatment

Treatment of hydrocephalus mainly includes surgery.

  • Shunt: surgically inserting a flexible tube that keeps the right (direction and rate) flow of cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy wherein the surgeon makes a hole in the bottom of or between ventricles so as to let normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid out of the brain.

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