General Medicine
The Department of General Medicine at Meitra Hospital aims to provide the highest standards of Medical excellence in comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and curative medical services for all patients. We aim to provide quality primary and specialty care to adults. The department effectively delivers the most updated evidence based diagnostic and therapeutic care for all patients. Our doctors are specially trained to manage seriously ill patients suffering from advanced illness and/ or diseases of more than one system.

Hypertension

Hypertension, also termed as high blood pressure or elevated blood pressure occurs due to long term force of blood against artery walls. There will be blood pressure variations throughout a day based on your activities. 

Two types of hypertension are:

  • Primary hypertension: It develops gradually over years and has no identifiable cause.
  • Secondary hypertension: It appears suddenly; has higher blood pressure than primary hypertension and is caused by an underlying condition.

 

Causes

Possible causes of secondary hypertension are:

  • Kidney problems
  • Sleep apnea
  • Adrenal gland tumours
  • Thyroid problem
  • Certain medications
  • Congenital conditions
Symptoms

Common symptoms of hypertension includes:

  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Blood in urine
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of hypertension includes:

  • Blood pressure check
  • Review of signs and symptoms
  • Medical history
  • Physical examination
  • To check for more signs of heart disease, your doctor may also recommend the following procedures:
    • Urine test or urinalysis
    • Blood test
    • Cholesterol screening
    • Ultrasound
    • Electrocardiogram
    • Echocardiogram
Prevention

Chances of primary hypertension can be reduced by the following measures:

  • Intake of healthy diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Control blood sugar, cholesterol and pressure levels
  • Manage stress
  • Avoid smoking, caffeine and alcohol.
Treatment
  • Home remedies or lifestyle changes in the treatment of hypertension includes:
    • Heart healthy diet
    • Regular physical activity
    • Maintain healthy weight
    • Limit amount of alcohol
    • Managing stress
  • Medications are used in the treatment including beta blockers, diuretics or alpha blockers.
  • Secondary hypertension can be reduced by treating the underlying conditions.

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