Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism may not show any symptoms in early stages. Later on, as the condition progresses, it can cause many health problems such as joint pain.
Hypothyroidism can be caused due to a number of factors. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Iodine deficiency
- Certain medication
- Congenital conditions
- Autoimmune disorders
- Pituitary disorders
- Thyroid surgery
- Over response to thyroid surgery
- Radiation therapy
The symptoms of hypothyroidism can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the exhibiting symptoms include:
- Weakness or fatigue
- Weight gain
- Puffy face
- Joint pain
- Muscle weakness
- Delayed puberty
- Irregular or heavy menstrual periods
- Hair loss
- Muscle pain
- Memory problems
- Increased cold sensitivity
Hypothyroidism is diagnosed through physical examination and various blood tests. TSH – Thyroid stimulating hormone is the major screening test recommended by doctors for thyroid disorders.
Hypothyroidism cannot be prevented. If there are any instances of the condition in your family, get regularly checked up. Thyroid functioning should also be checked during conditions like pregnancy where you are likely to get affected by hypothyroidism.
Medications are the major treatment option for hypothyroidism, to control or normalise your thyroid hormone levels. Your doctor may prescribe various drugs depending on the severity and other health factors related to your condition.
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