Heart & Vascular Care
The Centre for Heart & Vascular Care at Meitra is aiming at caring hearts with a good heart. The centre is facilitated with the latest innovations and technologies in the cardiovascular spectrum along with highly experienced cardiologists and heart and vascular care professionals. With a foundation of well equipped facilities, the centre has won space in people’s hearts with a special focus on compassionate care. We ensure a happy and hopeful life for everyone coming to Meitra for taking care of their heart. The environment we have created at the Centre for Heart & Vascular Care is meant to lead your heart to success and to create a smile in it.

Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)

Myocardial infarction, commonly known as heart attack occurs when there is a sudden blockage or decrease in blood flow to the coronary arteries that supply the heart muscles. It is a life-threatening condition and causes permanent damage to the affected heart muscle. The blockage is commonly composed of fat, cholesterol and substances like cellular waste products which form a plaque in the coronary arteries.

Causes
  • Atherosclerosis 
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Spasm of coronary artery mainly due to smoking 
  • Diabetes
  • Family history
  • Physical inactivity
Symptoms
  • Chest pain (heavy, squeezing, burning)
  • Sweating
  • Cold sweat
  • Sudden weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness 
  • Breathlessness
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction will be based on:

  • Symptoms
  • Medical history
  • Physical examination
  • Angiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Radionuclide imaging
  • CT or MRI (Cardiac)
  • Blood tests
  • Chest X-ray
Prevention
  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Regular exercise
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid alcohol consumption 
  • Healthy diet
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Regular medical check ups
  • Control blood sugar levels 
Treatment

Treatment for Myocardial infarction or heart attack mainly depends on the person’s stability and immediate risk of death. Treatment mostly includes medications, medical procedures and rehabilitation.

  • Medications for Myocardial infarction or heart attack includes:
    • Medicines to reduce and dissolve blood clots
    • Medicines to prevent new clots
    • Medicines for pain relief
    • Medicines to improve blood flow
    • Medicines to reduce blood pressure and control blood cholesterol levels.
  • Medical and surgical procedures for myocardial infarction or heart attack includes
    • Bypass surgery (coronary artery bypass surgery) can be done which allows blood flow to the heart muscles, bypassing the narrowed portions.
    • Coronary angioplasty in which a catheter or long tube is inserted through an artery to open the blocked coronary artery.
  • Rehabilitation (cardiac rehabilitation) includes lifestyle changes, medications, dealing with emotional factors and finally returning to normal daily life activities.

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