Ophthalmology
The department of Ophthalmology at Meitra Hospital has been established with the vision of giving world class eye care to the patients and providing ophthalmology care to patients suffering from multi-organ disorders and polytrauma. The department is equipped with state of the art instruments to provide the patients with the level of global care that one comes to expect or that one associates with Meitra Hospital.

Myopia (Near-sightedness)

Myopia or nearsightedness is a condition of the eye (or vision) in which closer objects are seen more clearly whereas distant ones appear to be blurred. It is a refractive error or a focusing disorder.

Causes

Myopia occurs when the focusing elements (eye lens and cornea) of the eye do not have a smooth curvature as the normal eye. In myopia, either the eye lens is longer than normal, or the cornea is curved too steep. As a result, light rays focus in front of the retina instead of on it.

Symptoms

Some of the signs and symptoms of myopia include:

  • Eye strain and resultant headaches
  • Objects farther appear blurred
  • Difficulty while driving, especially at night
  • Difficulty seeing far objects such as road signs
  • Squinting or partially closing eyes to see properly
  • Blinking excessively
  • Rubbing eyes frequently
  • Sitting closer to screens or in front of the classroom to see clearly
Diagnosis

Myopia is usually diagnosed with a basic eye examination.

  • Eye examination
    • Refraction assessment
    • Eye health exam
Prevention

There are no known exact ways to prevent myopia. Progression of the condition can be reduced by the following measures:

  • Increase daylight exposure
  • Use diluted atropine eye drops
  • Reduce screen time
  • Regular eye examination
  • Reduce eye strain 
  • Use good lighting
Treatment

There is no best method for the treatment of myopia. The major treatment goal is to attain a clearer vision by focusing light rays on the retina. Treatment methods include:

  • Corrective lenses or prescription lenses to improve vision. They can be eyeglasses or contact lenses.
  • Refractive surgery: a surgical procedure used to reshape the cornea using laser beams. There are different types of refractive surgery.
  • Low doses of atropine eye drop help in reducing the progression of the condition.
  • Orthokeratology is a treatment method used to temporarily reshape the cornea to improve vision. 

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