Pulmonology
Department of Pulmonology at the Meitra Hospital is a highly advanced and specialised unit providing state of the art diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive services for respiratory diseases. The Outpatient division offers expert care for allergy, asthma, COPD, ILD and other common respiratory illness with fully fledged pulmonary function lab, rehabilitation unit and allergy testing. Inpatient Department is fully equipped to treat complicated and advanced respiratory disease. Pulmonology department is having most advanced interventional pulmonology unit with all modern diagnostic and therapeutic equipments including EBUS. Sleep Medicine Department is equipped with advanced sleep lab to diagnose sleep disorders mainly obstructive sleep apnea.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is the infection in one or both lungs. It causes buildup of pus or fluid in the air sacs of lungs. Pneumonia can range from mild to severe. Different types of pneumonia according to the cause are:

  • Community acquired pneumonia: it occurs outside hospitals or other health care facilities.
  • Hospital acquired pneumonia: it occurs during a hospital stay. It is caused by bacteria and is more resistant to antibiotics.
  • Health acquired pneumonia: it occurs in people who live in long-term health care facilities such as dialysis centers.
  • Aspiration pneumonia: this type of pneumonia occurs when food, water or saliva enters the airway and reaches your lungs.
Causes

Pneumonia can be caused by different types of:

  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Virus
Symptoms

Common symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough (with phlegm)
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of pneumonia includes:

  • Review of signs and symptoms
  • Medical history
  • Blood test
  • Sputum test
  • Chest X-ray
  • Pulse oximetry
  • Sputum test
  • CT scan
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Pleural fluid culture
Prevention

Preventive measures for pneumonia include:

  • Get vaccinated.
  • Practise and maintain good personal hygiene
  • Keep surroundings clean
  • Avoid smoking
  • Keep immune system strong
  • Follow a healthy lifestyle.
Treatment

Treatment for pneumonia depends on the cause of the condition.

  • Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, antivirals for viral infections and antifungal medicines for fungal infections.
  • Oxygen therapy may be given if blood oxygen level is low.
  • Cough syrups, fever reducers, pain relievers may be given for pain and other discomfort.
  • Taking rest and staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water is also important for recovery.

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