Gynaecology
Our department offers services of specialists, to diagnose and treat all kinds of disorders associated with the gynecological needs of women. Women in different age groups have different health concerns, which are appropriately address by our experts. We ensure that each patient gets the best personalized care. We provide all advanced gynaec procedures including minimally invasive surgeries. MIS have the advantage of early recovery and reduced hospital stay when compared to conventional open surgeries.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common health condition in women,  mostly caused due to abnormal reproductive hormones levels. The ovaries produce eggs that are released every month as part of a healthy menstrual cycle.  With PCOS, the egg may not be produced, developed or released which results in irregular or missed cycles  which in turn can lead to infertility and development of cysts in the ovaries.

Causes

The exact cause of (PCOS) is not known. Several factors are thought to play a role. They include:

  • Genetics
  • Insulin resistance or high levels of  insulin
  • High levels of androgen (male hormones)
  • Inflammation
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
Symptoms

Symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome may include:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Excess body and facial hair growth
  • Weight gain
  • Headaches
  • Acne 
  • Oily skin
  • Darkening of skin in some parts of the body
  • Male pattern baldness or hair loss
  • Skin tags
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome involves:

  • Medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Pelvic exam
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound
Prevention

There is no known method to prevent PCOS;Adopting a healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk and harmful effects of PCOS.

Treatment

PCOS can be treated based on several factors such as age, symptoms, lifestyle changes and family planning.

Treatment measures for PCOS include:

  • Medications such as birth control pills, anti androgen pills and  drugs to treat other symptoms such as hair growth, acne, excess bleeding, etc..
  • Lifestyle changes such as following a healthy diet and regular physical activity, which can help relieve PCOS-related symptoms and improve ovulation cycle, lower blood glucose levels and  help the body in utilising insulin more efficiently. 

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