Presbyopia is a vision condition that occurs as a part of ageing. Presbyopia refers to the gradual loss of near focusing ability that occurs with age, mostly after 40 years of age.
Presbyopia occurs due to some changes that occur with age. The changes include:
- Hardening of the eye lens
- Loss of flexibility of muscles around the eyes
Symptoms of presbyopia include:
- Eyestrain and headaches, while doing tasks like reading
- Difficulty reading small prints
- Need of holding reading material at arm’s distance to focus
- Squinting to see properly
- The overall problem with seeing and focusing objects closer
Diagnosis of hyperopia involves a basic eye examination.
- Eye exam
- Refraction assessment
- Eye health exam
There is no exact proven measure for prevention of presbyopia. Measures to prevent worsening of the condition include:
- Regular eye examination
- Wear the right glasses
- Use good lighting when reading or writing
- Make sure you’re using the right strength of eyeglasses
- Wear sunglasses to protect eyes from ultraviolet radiation
Treatment methods for presbyopia aim at attaining a clearer vision for nearer objects. It includes:
- Eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct and improve vision problems.
- Refractive surgery: a surgical procedure used to improve nearer-vision by adjusting the shape of the cornea.
- Lens implants can be used in the treatment, which involves removal of the lens from the eyes and replacing it with an artificial or synthetic lens.
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