Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease refers to a condition in which the heart valves have been damaged permanently due to a disease known as “Rheumatic fever” or acute rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can affect connective tissues especially in the heart, joints, skin or brain. Rheumatic heart disease involves damage to one or more of the four heart valves. It may be fatal.
Rheumatic heart disease is caused as an effect of rheumatic fever.
- Chest pain
- Swollen feet or ankles
- Painful joints
- Medical history
- Physical examination
- Chest X-ray
- Cardiac MRI
- Blood Tests
The possible preventive measures for rheumatic heart disease involve leading a healthy lifestyle.
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid alcohol
- Regular exercise
- Balanced diet
- Maintain healthy weight
- Stress management
Treatment for rheumatic heart disease depends on severity of the infection. Medications and surgical procedures can be done in the process.
- Medications like antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to treat infections, to reduce inflammation and to prevent further development of rheumatic fever.
- Surgical procedure may be required for replacement and repair of the damaged heart valves.
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