Bone & Joint Care
From simple to complex orthopaedic treatments therapeutic services, Meitra’s Centre for Bone and Centre has been creating a legacy for the past years. Our hands are always strong yet humble to save you from falling and walk you through happiness. As part of extending outside the spectrum, Meitra Centre for Bone and Joint is working hand in hand with the Centre for Neuroscience. Lead by a team of experienced specialists and healthcare professionals, this centre is home for modern and state of the art technologies. From basic treatments to surgeries to therapy, the Centre is a place of hope and rejuvenation.

Scoliosis

Scoliosis refers to a sideways curvature of the spine. The curvature usually forms an elongated C shape. It is more likely to occur during the growth spurt just before puberty. It also occurs during childhood. The actual cause of most scoliosis is unknown. There are four major types of scoliosis: 

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis which appears in adolescence. 
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis which is associated with disorders of nervous or muscular systems such as spina bifida, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy. It mostly occurs in children.
  • Congenital scoliosis which is caused by a birth defect.
  • Degenerative scoliosis which is caused by degeneration of the moving parts of spine, namely, facet joints and intervertebral discs.
Causes

Actual cause for most scoliosis is unknown. Some of the causes include:

  • Congenital or birth defects
  • Injury or infection to the spine.
  • Neuromuscular conditions such as spina bifida and muscular dystrophy 
  • Tumours
Symptoms
  • A visible curve on your back
  • Back stiffness
  • Pain and numbness in legs
  • Fatigue
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Uneven shoulders, hips or waist
  • Leaning to one side
  • Uneven length of legs
  • Ribs may appear at different heights
Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made on the basis of 

  • Medical history 
  • Physical examination 
  • Neurological examination (if required) 
  • Radiographic tests which include
    • X-rays
    • MRI-Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Prevention

Prevention is not much possible. Further progression can be avoided by

  • Regular screening for spinal deviations
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects single handedly
  • Maintain proper posture 
  • Exercises to strengthen back muscles.
Treatment

Treatment for scoliosis includes assistive devices and surgery.

  • Braces may be used for moderate scoliosis in order to prevent further progression of the curvature.
  • In surgical correction, the most common method is spinal fusion wherein the surgeon connects two or more of the vertebrae (spinal bones) so that they do not move independently.

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