Neurosciences
The Centre for Neurosciences at Meitra follows a holistic approach in handling all levels of difficulties related to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system and muscles. We emphasize exceptional and vigilant care to solve simple to complex problems. The centre has already introduced some of the novel facilities for the first time in the region. A team of expert neurologists and neurosurgeons is all set to elevate innumerable lives to the happiness of living a life. Considering incurable conditions, our care unit is designed with a concept of treating everyone equally and respectfully. Those who come here never return home as patients, but as those who embrace life at its fullest.

Spine Tumour

Tumour is an abnormal mass of cells. Spinal tumour is an abnormal growth within the spinal canal or within the bones of the spine. A spinal cord tumour can be intradural, tumour that develops within the spinal cord or dura (spinal cord covering) or it can be vertebral tumour, tumour that develops within the vertebrae (bones of spine).

Causes

The exact cause of spinal tumour is unclear. Possible reasons are:

  • Genetic component
  • Exposure to harmful chemicals
  • Weak immune system
Symptoms
  • Back pain
  • Pain worsens at night
  • Pain increasing with physical activity
  • Pain at the area of tumour
  • Pain spreading to hips and limbs
  • Difficulty in walking, which can cause falls
  • Muscle weakness especially in your limbs
  • Loss of sensation
  • Stiffness of back and neck
  • Loss of bowel and bladder control
  • Scoliosis or curvature of spine
Diagnosis
  • Review of signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Neurological examination
  • X-ray
  • CT,Spinal MRI, Bone scan
  • Biopsy
Prevention

The preventive measures for spine tumour remains unknown. Some possible measures to prevent the occurrence and to avoid spreading of primary tumours to the spine include:

  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid exposure to harmful chemicals
  • Periodical monitoring or health checkups.
Treatment

Treatment methods for spinal tumours can be surgical and non-surgical.

  •  Nonsurgical methods include observation, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, other drugs.
    • Constant observation is required for monitoring factors like secondary tumours and worsening of the condition.
    • Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy the cancer cells.
    • Radiation therapy uses high radiation beams to eliminate remains of the tumours after a surgery or for tumours which cannot be operated.
    • Other medications can be used to reduce inflammation and avoid serious side effects after surgery and/or radiation therapy.
  • Surgery involves removal of the cancerous growth.

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