Dermatology
The Dermatology and Cosmetology Department at Meitra Hospital provides specialized treatment for a wide range of skin, hair and nail disorders. We deal with cosmetic problems scientifically and through appropriate treatment. We handle treatment for basic and complicated cases, thanks to our premium technology and dedicated specialists. We aspire to be a Centre of Excellence in Dermatology by facilitating more advanced and unparalleled technology.

Sunburn

Sunburns are reddish, painful and swollen skin patches that occur as a result of overexposure to sunlight. Sunburns may take several days to fade. Repeated exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet radiation can cause other skin conditions such as dark sports, wrinkles and can even lead to skin cancers.

Causes

The cause of sunburn, as the name suggests is overexposure to sunlight or ultraviolet radiation. It can also occur from artificial sources like tanning beds and sunlamps. When exposed to sunlight, the body takes a mechanism to protect itself by producing more melanin quicker.  Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its normal color.

Symptoms

Symptoms of sunburn include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Skin patch that is warm or hot to touch
  • Redness or pinkish skin
  • Headache, nause, fever
  • Fluid filled blisters
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of sunburn is based on:

  • Review of signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination 
  • Phototesting
Prevention
  • Use sunscreens regularly
  • Avoid exposure to sunlight especially the intense daylight 
  • Wear protective clothing while going out such as face masks, caps and gloves
  • Wear sunglasses while going out in daylight
  • Avoid artificial sources like sunlamps and tanning beds
  • Avoid medications that make your skin more sensitive to sunlight.
Treatment

Treatment for sunburn reduces its symptoms like pain, swelling and other discomforts. It mainly includes home remedies like:

  • Cool the skin using a wet towel, ice packs or take a cool bath
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Apply moisturiser on the affected part
  • Take pain killers or pain relievers
  • If blisters are present, do not break them
  • Avoid scratching the affected area. Use anti-itch creams instead
  • Avoid creams and other products that can cause further irritation
  • Avoid further exposure to sunlight.

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