Tendons are tissues connecting a muscle to a bone. A condition where there is an inflammation or irritation in the tendon is termed as tendinitis. Even though tendinitis can affect any tendon in your body, it commonly affects the tendons around elbows, knees, shoulders, hip and wrists.
Tendinitis is often caused by repetitive movements and injuries. Other causes are:
- Metabolic disorders like thyroid disease and diabetes
- Effect of certain medications
Pain is the most important and common symptom of tendinitis.
- Pain, usually when moving the affected joints
- Swelling around the affected area
- Review of signs and symptoms
- Physical examination
- X-ray and other imaging procedures based on symptoms and physical examination
Preventing further damage and chances of developing the tendinitis can be reduced by the following measures:
- Avoid activities that exerts pressure or stress on your tendons such as overuse and repetitive use of muscles and joints.
- Improve your techniques during sports and exercises
- Muscle strengthening exercises
- Maintain good posture
- Maintain a healthy weight
The objective of treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation caused due to tendinitis.
- RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)
- Rest the affected area
- Put ice pack or cold bags on affected area
- Compression refers to pressure wrapping the affected area
- Elevation refers to keeping the affected part in a raised position, above the heart level.
- Medications such as corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory drugs are used for reducing pain and inflammation.
- Physiotherapy is used in the treatment of tendinitis for strengthening the muscle-tendon units.
- Assistive devices such as splints or braces may be used to rest the affected area until pain subsides.
- Surgery may be recommended by the doctor when medications and physiotherapy do not show much prognosis or seems to be less effective. The procedure varies depending on the severity of the injury.
- Ultrasonic treatment is another option when medications and physiotherapy seem to be less effective. It uses ultrasonic sound waves to remove the affected tissues.
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