Dental & Maxillofacial Surgery
The Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery department at Meitra aims to provide the best dental treatments , facial and oral surgery. With the range of treatments, highly experienced specialists, and high-end technology, we cover all dental issues and surgeries.

Tooth Abscess

A tooth abscess is a collection of pus that occurs in teeth, gums or in the bone that holds the teeth in place. It is caused by a bacterial infection. Tooth abscess can occur in different regions:

  • Periapical abscess occurs at the end of a tooth or root tip.
  • Periodontal abscess occurs in the gum at the side of a tooth.
Causes

Tooth abscess occurs when bacteria gets into your teeth, gums and invades your dental pulp.

Symptoms

Symptoms of tooth abscess include:

  • Severe, throbbing pain in the affected tooth or gum that occurs suddenly and worsens gradually
  • Pain that gets worse when lying down and may affect sleep
  • Increased sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
  • Pain that radiates to ear, jaw and neck on the same side as the affected tooth or gum
  • Redness and swelling on face or cheek
  • Red and swollen gums
  • Bad breath
  • Unpleasant taste in mouth
  • Swollen lymph nodes under jaw or neck
  • Fever
  • Discoloured or loose tooth
  • Difficulty while chewing, biting or eating
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of tooth abscess includes:

  • Dental exam
  • Dental X-ray
  • CT scan might be recommended
Prevention

Keep your teeth and gums as healthy as possible. Measures include:

  • Avoid tooth decay.
  • Brush at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Use dental floss.
  • Avoid or limit consumption of sugar and starch.
  • Eat healthy food.
  • Replace your toothbrush every three or four months.
  • Have regular dental checkups.
Treatment

Tooth abscess is treated by removing the source of infection and draining away the pus. Treatment methods include:

  • Tooth extraction to remove the affected tooth.
  • Root canal treatment: it is a procedure done to remove abscess from the root of an affected tooth before filling and sealing it.
  • Incision and drainage: a small cut or incision is made in the gum to drain the abs

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