Uveitis is a form of eye inflammation that affects the uvea, the middle layer of the eye. The condition usually occurs and gets worsened quickly. Uveitis can affect either one or both the eyes.
The exact cause of uveitis is unclear. Possible factors are:
- An autoimmune disease that affects other parts of the body
- Certain inflammatory disorders such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
- Infections like HIV and tuberculosis
- Any injury to the eye or eye surgery
- Severe redness in the eye
- Pain in the eye
- Increased sensitivity to light
- Blurred or decreased vision
- Floaters (dark floating spots)in your vision
- Review of signs and symptoms
- General medical history
- Complete eye exam including:
- Slit-lamp examination
- Blood tests
- Imaging tests such as CT or MRI
There are no known effective ways to prevent uveitis.
- Preventing infections is a possible way.
- Treatment of other autoimmune diseases or infections can also prevent the development of uveitis.
Early detection and proper treatment can reduce the worsening of the condition and further complications.
Treatment for uveitis depends on the underlying condition. The major goal is to reduce inflammation in the eye. It also aims at reducing inflammation in other parts of the body, if present. The treatment methods are usually the same if no other infections are present.
- Medications such as antibiotics, antivirals, anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid medications are used in the treatment of uveitis.
- Surgical procedures are also available which are rarely used.
- Eye drops are also prescribed to treat uveitis.
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