Heart & Vascular Care
The Centre for Heart & Vascular Care at Meitra is aiming at caring hearts with a good heart. The centre is facilitated with the latest innovations and technologies in the cardiovascular spectrum along with highly experienced cardiologists and heart and vascular care professionals. With a foundation of well equipped facilities, the centre has won space in people’s hearts with a special focus on compassionate care. We ensure a happy and hopeful life for everyone coming to Meitra for taking care of their heart. The environment we have created at the Centre for Heart & Vascular Care is meant to lead your heart to success and to create a smile in it.

Valvular Heart Disease

The human heart has four main valves that regulate blood flow through the heart and blood vessels that carry blood to and from the heart. Valvular heart disease is characterised by improper functioning of any one or more of these heart valves. A normally functioning valve ensures blood flow with proper force, in the right direction and at the right time. In valvular heart disease any one or more of the valves do not open or close completely.

Causes
  • Bacterial infections
  • Heart attack
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol and sugar levels
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Radiation therapy
  • Congenital conditions
  • Certain medications
Symptoms
  • Chest pain(angina)
  • Irregular or rapid heart beats
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling of abdomen, feet and ankles
Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Valvular heart disease involves:

  • Evaluation of signs and symptoms 
  • Physical examination 
  • Electrocardiogram(ECG)
  • Stress Testing
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiography
  • Angiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization 
  • Heart MRI or Cardiac MRI
Prevention
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid alcohol consumption 
  • Healthy diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Manage stress
  • Maintain healthy body weight
  • Maintain blood sugar and cholesterol levels 
Treatment

Treatment of Valvular heart disease depends on severity of the condition. It includes medications, regular follow up, surgical procedures and lifestyle changes.

  • Medications used in the treatment of Valvular heart disease may include:
    • Antibiotics to prevent bacterial infections
    • Diuretics to reduce swelling
    • Blood thinners to reduce blood clots
    • Antiarrhythmics to control irregular heartbeats
    • Antithrombotic medications to prevent blood clots
  • Surgical procedures in the treatment of Valvular heart disease may include:
    •  Balloon dilation in which a small balloon is inserted into a blood vessel through a catheter to widen a narrowed site.
    • Valve surgery includes repair or replacement of a damaged valve.
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle such as a balanced diet and regular exercise is also important in the treatment and to further prevent occurrence of valvular heart disease.

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