Warts are small lumps on the skin that are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts are not dangerous but are contagious which can be transmitted by touch. It mostly occurs on hands and fingers. Warts are of different types depending on its appearance and location. They include common warts, foot warts, filiform warts and flat warts.
Warts are caused by human papillomavirus. It can spread through casual contact, sexual contact and sharing of objects. As every individual’s immune system responds differently, everyone who is exposed to the virus may not be affected by warts. The virus can spread to other parts of the body through the following ways:
- Biting a wart
- Scratching warts
- Shaving the affected parts
- Biting nails, when warts are present around
Symptoms of common warts include:
- Small lumps or bumps that are fleshy and grainy
- Rough to touch
- Can have black dots
Symptoms of foot warts include:
- Hard, fleshy or grainy growths
- Found on bottom of foot
- May be painful
Symptoms of flat warts include:
- They can be yellow, pink or brown in color
- Smaller than other types
- Appears on face, legs or back of hands
Symptoms of filiform warts include:
- It causes itching, bleeding and irritation
- Finger like appearance and grows quicker
- Commonly appear on the face and neck.
Diagnosis of warts includes:
- Examination of the warts
- Removing the top layer of the warts to check for clotted blood vessels.
- Skin biopsy
- Avoid direct contact with warts, including warts present on your own body.
- Properly clean and cover any cuts on your body.
- Avoid biting nails.
- Wear pool shoes in public showers.
- Wash hands properly and more often.
- Do not share personal items like towels, socks or nail clippers.
Most of the common warts do not require treatment. It goes without any treatment. Some of the treatment measures for warts include:
- Salicylic acid to remove the warts layer by layer.
- Curettage is a procedure in which warts are scraped off using a tool.
- Cryotherapy can be done in which liquid nitrogen is applied on the warts.
- Excision may be done to cut out the warts.
- Laser treatment is also an option for warts.
- Immunotherapy is used in which the person’s immune system fights back against the virus.
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