Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure used by orthopaedic surgeons to diagnose and treat problems inside a joint, such as the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip and wrist. This procedure allows the surgeon to see inside your joint without making a large incision.
- Arthroscopy is performed under general or local anaesthesia, depending on the joint to be operated and what your surgeon suspects to be the problem.
- A few incisions are made in the patient’s skin by an orthopaedic surgeon.
- Sterile salt water is pumped in to expand the join for a better view.
- A pencil size instrument, the arthroscope is then inserted through it, which contains a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint.
- The arthroscope is attached to a miniature television camera; through which the surgeon can see the interior of the joint.
- The surgeon can determine the type of injury and then repair or correct the problem, if required.
- The salt water is then drained from the joint.
- The incisions or cuts are then closed with stitches.
- Usually one can resume light activities in a few days.
- It is a minimally invasive procedure.
- Very useful for athletes.
- Bleeding and/or infection inside the joint.
- Accidental damage to the nerves near the joint.
- Blood clots.
- Joint stiffness.
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