Coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure used to remove blockage in a coronary artery that is narrowed by atherosclerosis. It is one of the most common types of treatment for the heart. Coronary angioplasty usually takes 30 minutes to 2 hours for the procedure to be completed.
- Coronary angioplasty is performed using local anaesthesia
- A catheter (with a balloon) will be inserted into one of your arteries through your groin, wrist or arm.
- The catheter is guided to the affected artery using an X-ray video.
- When the catheter is in place, a thin wire is guided down the length of the affected coronary artery, and the balloon is inflated to widen the narrowed artery.
- This pushes the fatty deposits or plaque outward, against the artery walls, which opens them allowing blood to flow through the artery more freely.
- Blood flow through coronary artery improves
- Increases your chances of surviving a thrombolysis
- Reduces chances of having another heart attack
- Improves symptoms of coronary artery disease
- Reduces the risk of death in some patients
- Bleeding or bruising under the skin where catheter was inserted
- Excessive bleeding
- Damage to the artery where the catheter was inserted
- Allergic reaction
- Heart attack
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