Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary artery bypass surgery is a surgical procedure done to redirect blood flow around a section of completely or partially blocked artery in your heart. It is done when the coronary artery is blocked or damaged. The coronary artery bypass surgery may take 3 to 5 hours, depending on the number of arteries that are being bypassed.
- Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed using general anaesthesia.
- Arteries or veins from your leg will be removed that can be used as bypass grafts.
- Surgeon will make an incision in the middle of your chest through your sternum or breastbone.
- The heart is exposed by spreading the rib cages apart.
- You may be connected to a cardiopulmonary bypass machine that circulates oxygenated blood through your body while the heart is being operated.
- A healthy blood vessel from the leg is removed to bypass the damaged portion of your artery. One end of this graft is attached above the blockage and the other end below.
- Finally, the function of the bypass is checked. If it is in good condition then you will be stitched up, bandaged and then shifted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for monitoring.
- Minimally invasive procedures may also be opted by your surgeon.
- Symptoms of blockage such as chest tightness and high blood pressure will be improved.
- Blood flow to heart increases
- Reduced risk of heart attack
- Infections of the chest wound
- Kidney problems
- Memory loss
- Breathing problems
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